How To Control Weeds In Vegetable Garden In 12 Helpful Ways

Ah, the life of a garden lover! Eating fresh vegetables is one of the purest joys in life. However, it might feel overwhelming when weeds threaten your dream vegetable garden with their unwelcome presence. It’s common for homeowners and even experienced gardeners to struggle with controlling these pesky plants from taking over their space, but don’t give up yet! There are many simple ways to prevent and manage weeds in your vegetable patch that will keep you and your veggies happy. In this post, I’ll discuss 12 effective methods to control weeds in your vegetable garden so that you can enjoy gardening without hassle.

How To Control Weeds In Vegetable Garden

You may think you can remove weeds from your garden in one way. You may face many challenging situations. Depending on the situation, you must follow the best route.

Depending on the situation, sometimes you must choose between natural and chemical methods. Though chemicals harm plants, there is no alternative to using them to weed in some cases. However, I’ll review the best techniques for weeding a vegetable so you may benefit and complete the task without any problems.

First things first: Always use the proper tools and materials

To make your job much faster, you must choose the right tools for weeding your garden. Weeding can be done more effectively and with less effort when you have the necessary tools and materials. So, choose and keep the right tools according to your situation to make your work easy and convenient. Keep a garden fork or trowel outside to remove the baby weeds while you are in your garden for a few moments.

Dig out

control weeds in vegetable garden

It is one of the most effective methods to control weeds naturally. If it is possible to dig out the plant completely, don’t delay doing it by hand, including the roots. Do your job carefully. If. Leaving just a portion of the roots can put your garden at risk because they regenerate quickly.

Let sleeping weeds lie

Every square of your garden may have weed seeds, which you may have noticed or found surprising. However, only the top few inches receive adequate sunlight to grow, so we can frequently cultivate the ground to force weed seeds to the surface where ants can dine on them. Keep in mind that weed seeds remain dormant for a long time.

Use mulches

It’s an easy and effective way to control weeds. It helps your plants by keeping the soil cool and moist. Cover weeded areas with straw, paper, water hyacinth, composting materials, well-rotted manure, bark clippings, etc. The 2-3 inch deep materials prevent light from reaching the weeds.

use mulch on vegetable garden

The weeds can’t complete the photosynthesis process, from which the plant produces food and energy, so ultimately, the weeds die off.

If you want a quick response, remove weeds by hand, then cover the area with rotted manure, compost, or other mulch. The rest of the weeds will die without light. They will try to grow when the soil has a lot of nutrition, and you must pull out the weeds when they reappear. Follow the mulching methods in February when the weeds remain dormant, and it will take about two to four months to kill off creeping weeds.

Hoe your garden

Hoeing is also an important way to control weeds in their primary stages. There are two rules you’ve got to follow: pull when wet and hoe when dry. You need to hoe your vegetables as soon as the weeds emerge and you see the smallest shimmer of green weeds. You have to start hoeing before you can see the weeds. It is not a heavy task; just tickling the top few inches of the surface with a hoe can cut off the heads of any annual weeds. It is very effective and suitable for growing vegetables in rows. It can quickly cover a vast area and deliver a perfect weed-free garden.

Cut the top of weeds

cut weeds in garden

When you fail to remove weeds through all your natural methods, try to chop off their heads using a trimmer. Cutting back the tops of perennial weeds can reduce reseeding, thus limiting their spread. You may follow pruning, but carefully notice that weeds don’t mature enough to produce viable seeds, so cut the top to keep them from spreading.

Water the plants you desire, not weeds

It is an effective way to control weeds. You must avoid watering an area full of weeds. Its seed needs water to complete its life cycle or germinate, so you must follow some special watering methods so weeds don’t get water to survive. Placing drip or soaker hoses beneath the mulch is a better way to water your desired plants without leaving nearby weeds.

Using weed killer chemicals

Chemical control is one of the most effective ways to control weeds. Some weeds can survive for many years, and it is sometimes impossible to weed a garden with non-chemicals. And you are recommended a spot treatment rather than a spray, as protecting your desired plants adjacent to weeds is impossible.

You must spray on a wind-free day and avoid rainy days because the rain can wash out your chemicals. Cover the weeds with a plastic bag and spray inside if you want a good result. But chemicals are not safer for your garden and you. It has a residual effect on soil, and weeds become resistant after a certain period. On the other hand, chemicals are very costly.

Vinegar spray

Vinegar is known to be an important homemade element that can kill weeds at ground level. Mix some dishwashing liquid with strong vinegar, like 15-20% acetic acid, and spray it with a sprayer for a better result and to break up the vinegar so it absorbs very quickly. Wear protective clothing and eye protection while spraying.

Alcohol spray

Alcohol spray is another essential homemade way to control weeds, as it will dry up the weeds. Alcohol decreases soil water retention, and weeds need water to resist. Weeds cannot complete their life cycle; day by day, the plant becomes dry and dies because it lacks water.

Saltwater spray

Homemade salt water is also used to properly control weeds. You may boil salty water for a few minutes to get better performance. Pour the water on the ground surface where weeds emerge and leave them to dry, and ultimately the weeds become dead.

Spray juice of citrus

Citric acid strips the protective membrane of the weeds. You can spray lemon juice or other citrus juice with water and spray on weeds. A few days later, the plant will dry without coating.

Pour sugar water

You may pour some sugar water on the weeds to control them. It is the most eco-friendly of all homemade weeding methods. It will decrease the amount of nitrogen in the soil, so weeds will become dry and die.


how to get rid of weeds in garden

Though all the abovementioned homemade chemicals are effective, you can only ensure that some are safe for the yard. Vinegar contains 20% acetic acid, which can badly burn your soil and eyes and damage your plants. Saltwater can leach into the soil and damage the essential microorganisms in the soil. Alcohol spray is also costly and has a damaging effect on soil.

FAQs About Controlling Weeds in Vegetable Garden

What’s the best time to control weeds in the garden?

The best time to hand-pull weeds is after a good rain, during irrigation, or early in the morning in the spring. Weeding is most difficult when the soil is dry. Chemical weed killers are most effective in the spring and fall.

Is it good or bad to weed after a rain?

Weeding after rain is one of the best techniques to remove weeds from your garden. When your soil is moist or wet, it becomes soft and loose. If you plan to remove weeds from your garden by pulling or digging by hand, follow this method every time there is heavy rain or water.

When should I stop weeding?

You should stop weeding when there are seeds.

What is the best natural weed killer?

Mix a gallon of white vinegar, one cup of salt, and one tablespoon of dish soap.

Is vinegar better than weed killer?

Killing weeds with vinegar is not a natural or secure solution. Vinegar has superior, natural alternatives. 


Weed control is essential for successful vegetable gardening. The twelve methods outlined above should provide a solid foundation for tackling the weeds in your garden. A systematic approach can help you control weeds easily. Ultimately, there’s no single best way to manage weeds, but staying vigilant is key. Now I’d love to know your strategy: what tools or methods do you use to control weeds in your vegetable garden? Let me know your best technique in the comments below!

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Jeffrey Bromley
Jeffrey Bromley

Jeffrey Bromley is an experienced lawn care professional with over 13 years in the industry. He is the owner of The Lawn & Landscape Company and the founder of Lawn Gardeners Blog. His passion for lawn care extends beyond his business ventures, with a personal commitment to helping individuals take better care of their yards.

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